Learn about the several types of air conditioners that are available for your home.
There are different types of air conditioners available for homeowners to choose from. The size, volume, and the cooling requirements of a house are the factors which help in deciding the type of air conditioner required.
Central Air Conditioner
Central air conditioners consist of two major components – an outdoor compressor and condenser unit and an indoor evaporator unit. An air conditioner unit may also contain a dehumidifier which helps keep the humidity low. The key to an efficient central air conditioner is that it should be correctly sized and installed, and regular HVAC maintenance should be timely.
Ductless Air Conditioner
A ductless air conditioner has an external compressor and condenser unit and an indoor evaporator unit; however, unlike the central air conditioner, it does not have any air ducts. Instead, the evaporator has a blower which takes suction from the room and cools the air after running over cooling coils. Ductless air conditioners are generally used in hotels and apartment buildings. The updated version of the ductless air conditioner is the mini-split air conditioner which functions well in cooling small rooms or spot cooling in larger spaces.
Window Air Conditioners
A window air conditioner is a type of unitary cooling system in which all the components are enclosed in a single unit and installed in a window or a hole in the wall. The blower takes suction from the room and cools the air after passing it over the cooling coil before discharging the air back into the air. The hot air is removed outside the room from the back side of the unit. This type of air conditioner is ideal for small rooms.
Portable Air Conditioners
Portable air conditioners are mobile, self-contained units which can be directly placed on the floor of the room required to be cooled. The warm air from the room is expelled through a tube connected to the unit. A portable air conditioner is suitable for cooling spaces less than 500 square feet. It is noisy and less efficient than other types of air conditioners.
These are also called swamp coolers and are generally used in dry climates. Warm air from the outside passes through wet pads causing evaporation of water and cooling the air which enters the room or the building. The major advantage is that they use less power than a conventional air conditioner and provide a continuous stream of fresh air into the building; however, they do add to the humidity inside the space.
St. Louis Air Conditioning Services
If you are looking for a new air conditioning system for your home, contact Air Excellence Heating and Cooling to evaluate your needs. Call us at (636) 980-0998 and we will recommend a system that will best suit your needs.